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在ARM+LINUX上使用pppd拔号上网(GPRS)流程  

2012-02-27 15:07:04|  分类: LINUX |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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作者:stephenzhu (小桥加加), 转载请注明出处

我的编程环境是vmware + fedora9, ARM目标板为ATMEL 9G45,LINUX内核2.6.30, GPRS模块为TELIT公司的GC864-DUAL-V2,使用3线制串口连接(TXD RXD GND)

1.修改2.6.30内核选项

 make menuconfig
Device drivers -> Networking device support -> PPP(point to point protocol) support
 我选了以下模块(以M方式即module方式)
PPP support for async serial ports
PPP support for sync tty ports
PPP Deflate compression
PPP BSD-Compress compression
SLIP(serial line) support
之后编译:make && make install && make modules && make modules_install
得到了几个ko形式的内核库文件,拷贝它们到ARM目标板上,并在/etc/init.d/rcS中动态加载:
insmod /etc/ppp/slhc.ko                                       
insmod /etc/ppp/ppp_generic.ko                                
insmod /etc/ppp/ppp_async.ko                                  
insmod /etc/ppp/ppp_synctty.ko                                
insmod /etc/ppp/ppp_deflate.ko                                
insmod /etc/ppp/bsd_comp.ko                                   
insmod /etc/ppp/slip.ko
注意加载顺序,我记得好象必须把slhc.ko先加载

2. 移植ppp与连接网络过程, 
1) ppp2.4.4 源码编译过程

#./configure

#make CC=arm-linux-gcc 注意指定arm-linux-gcc的路径,或是直接用绝对路径指定

需要拷贝到ARM目标板的文件有:
pppd
pppdump
pppstatus
chat
2 ) 脚本准备
有4个脚本需要准备,一个是规则文件/etc/ppp/gprs-connect-chat,一个是参数文件/etc/ppp/peers/gprs, 还有认证文件:pap-secret和chap-secret。(其实我这里只用到了pap-secret, 至于chap-secret 没有有到。anyhow,把它们全创建上)
(1) 脚本 #gprs-connect-chat:
TIMEOUT 15
ABORT '\nBUSY\r'
ABORT '\nNO ANSWER\r'
ABORT '\nRINGING\r\n\r\nRINGING\r'
#'' AT
#'OK-+++\c-OK' ATH0
TIMEOUT         40
''              \rAT
OK              AT+FLO=0          #这个是GC864-DUAL-V2特别要设置的,就是要关闭流控
OK              ATS0=0
OK              ATE0V1
OK              AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","CMNET" #连接中国移动cmnet网
OK              ATDT*99***1#
CONNECT         ''
(2) 脚本gprsoptions
#/etc/ppp/peers/gprsoptions
# Usage:   root>pppd call gprsoptions
/dev/ttyS4
115200
nocrtscts
modem
#noauth
#auth
#-pap
#+chap
lock
debug
nodetach
#hide-password
usepeerdns
noipdefault
defaultroute
user cmnet
#user smsong
0.0.0.0:0.0.0.0
ipcp-accept-local
#ipcp-accept-remote
#lcp-echo-failure  12
#lcp-echo-interval 3
noccp               
#novj               
#novjccomp          
persist             
connect '/etc/ppp/chat -s -v -f /etc/ppp/gprs-connect-chat'
(3) 认证文件pap-secrets 根据需要来改
/etc/ppp # cat pap-secrets
# Secrets for authentication using PAP
# client    server     secret                    IP addresses
cmnet   *       cmnet   *
(4) 认证文件 chap-secrets 根据需要来修改,现在暂时没用到
/etc/ppp # cat chap-secrets
# Secrets for authentication using CHAP
# client    server     secret                    IP addresses
''      *       ''      *

3) 调用过程
ifconfig eth0 down //先关闭有线网卡,以免与拔号初始化冲突
/etc/ppp/pppd call gprs& //启动/etc/ppp/peers/gprs脚本
ifconfig eth0 up //重新开有线网卡
来看连接的显示日志内容:
/etc/ppp # ./pppd call gprs&
/etc/ppp # timeout set to 15 seconds
abort on (\nBUSY\r)
abort on (\nNO ANSWER\r)
abort on (\nRINGING\r\n\r\nRINGING\r)
timeout set to 40 seconds
send (^MAT^M)
expect (OK)
AT^M^M
OK
 -- got it

send (AT+FLO=0^M)
expect (OK)
^M
AT+FLO=0^M^M
OK
 -- got it

send (ATS0=0^M)
expect (OK)
^M
ATS0=0^M^M
OK
 -- got it

send (ATE0V1^M)
expect (OK)
^M
ATE0V1^M^M
OK
 -- got it

send (AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","CMNET"^M)
expect (OK)
^M
^M
OK
 -- got it

send (ATDT*99***1#^M)
expect (CONNECT)
^M
^M
CONNECT
 -- got it

send (^M)
Serial connection established.
using channel 1
Using interface ppp0
Connect: ppp0 <--> /dev/ttyS4
Warning - secret file /etc/ppp/pap-secrets has world and/or group access
sent [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x13a5663d> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfAck id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <magic 0x13a5663d> <pcomp> <accomp>]
rcvd [LCP ConfReq id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <auth pap> <magic 0xcf150100> <pcomp> <accomp>]
sent [LCP ConfAck id=0x1 <asyncmap 0x0> <auth pap> <magic 0xcf150100> <pcomp> <accomp>]
Warning - secret file /etc/ppp/pap-secrets has world and/or group access
sent [PAP AuthReq id=0x1 user="cmnet" password=<hidden>]
rcvd [PAP AuthAck id=0x1 "Welcome!"]
Remote message: Welcome!
PAP authentication succeeded
sent [IPCP ConfReq id=0x1 <compress VJ 0f 01> <addr 0.0.0.0> <ms-dns1 0.0.0.0> <ms-dns3 0.0.0.0>]
rcvd [IPCP ConfReq id=0x1 <addr 192.168.202.0>]
sent [IPCP ConfAck id=0x1 <addr 192.168.202.0>]
rcvd [IPCP ConfRej id=0x1 <compress VJ 0f 01>]
sent [IPCP ConfReq id=0x2 <addr 0.0.0.0> <ms-dns1 0.0.0.0> <ms-dns3 0.0.0.0>]
rcvd [IPCP ConfNak id=0x2 <addr 10.176.120.186> <ms-dns1 218.201.96.130> <ms-dns3 211.137.191.26>]
sent [IPCP ConfReq id=0x3 <addr 10.176.120.186> <ms-dns1 218.201.96.130> <ms-dns3 211.137.191.26>]
rcvd [IPCP ConfAck id=0x3 <addr 10.176.120.186> <ms-dns1 218.201.96.130> <ms-dns3 211.137.191.26>]
local  IP address 10.176.120.186
remote IP address 192.168.202.0
primary   DNS address 218.201.96.130
secondary DNS address 211.137.191.26

4)  查看网络设置与ping实验
/etc/ppp # ifconfig
lo        Link encap:Local Loopback 
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

ppp0      Link encap:Point-to-Point Protocol 
          inet addr:10.176.120.186  P-t-P:192.168.202.0  Mask:255.255.255.255
          UP POINTOPOINT RUNNING NOARP MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:4 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:4 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:3
          RX bytes:64 (64.0 B)  TX bytes:82 (82.0 B)
来ping 一下看看
/etc/ppp # ping www.163.com -c 3
PING www.163.com (221.204.240.161): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=0 ttl=46 time=466.873 ms
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=1 ttl=46 time=435.762 ms
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=2 ttl=46 time=414.000 ms

--- www.163.com ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 414.000/438.878/466.873 ms

3.其它问题

1 )  设置DNS地址
/etc/ppp 下会由拔号自动产生resolv.conf 文件, 但它和 /etc/resolv.conf 并不是同一个文件,所以有的时候不能解析DNS。
一个好办法是,首先保证存在/etc/resolv.conf, 然后在/etc/ppp下创建软链接ln -s /etc/ppp/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf
这样在拔号成功后,在/etc/resolv.conf中会有类似以下内容:
nameserver 218.201.96.130
nameserver 211.137.191.26
2) 只能ping IP地址,不能ping域名的现象
在busybox的命令帮助页面有这样一段话:
引用:
LIBC NSS
When used with glibc, the BusyBox 'networking' applets will similarly require that you install at least some of the glibc NSS stuff (in particular, /etc/nsswitch.conf, /lib/libnss_dns*, /lib/libnss_files*, and /lib/libresolv*).
于是把arm-linux工具链的lib目录下的 libnss_dns* , libnss_files* , libresolv* 拷贝到ARM目标板的/lib下。可以ping域名啦
/etc/ppp # ping www.163.com
PING www.163.com (221.204.240.161): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=0 ttl=46 time=641.269 ms
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=1 ttl=46 time=435.801 ms
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=2 ttl=46 time=446.776 ms
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=3 ttl=46 time=381.381 ms
64 bytes from 221.204.240.161: seq=4 ttl=46 time=468.495 ms

--- www.163.com ping statistics ---
5 packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 381.381/474.744/641.269 ms


3) 如何实现拔号与中国联通的3G 联网?
换用TELIT公司的UC864-E, 使用USB连接方式。指定串口为ttyUSB0
对于ppp方面,只需要更改4个脚本中的少量内容
a. 更改options脚本
  把gprsoptions更名为g3options, 把里面的这一行参数/dev/ttyS4 更改为/dev/ttyUSB0
把connect '/etc/ppp/chat -s -v -f /etc/ppp/gprs-connect-chat'
更改为connect '/etc/ppp/chat -s -v -f /etc/ppp/g3-connect-chat'
b. 更改chat脚本
TIMEOUT 15
ABORT '\nBUSY\r'
ABORT '\nNO ANSWER\r'
ABORT '\nRINGING\r\n\r\nRINGING\r'
#'' AT
#'OK-+++\c-OK' ATH0
TIMEOUT         40
''              \rAT
OK              AT+FLO=0
OK              ATS0=0
OK              ATE0V1
OK              AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","UNINET" #UNINET是代表中国联通网的意思
#OK              AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","CMNET"
OK              ATDT*99***1#
CONNECT   
c. 更改pap-secrets
# Secrets for authentication using PAP
# client    server     secret                    IP addresses
#cmnet   *       cmnet   *  #如果是中国移动GPRS就用cmnet
uninet *       uninet  * #如果是中国联通3G就用uninet

d. 更改chap-secrets
同上pap-secrets
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